Interventional oncology (IO).
provides curative and palliative treatment of cancer and cancer-related problems utilizing targeted, minimally invasive therapies with advanced image-guided technology. The increased prevalence of several sorts of cancer, a rapidly aging population, and therefore the desire for patient-friendly and personalized cancer therapies are increasing the demand for minimally invasive oncologic interventions. Interventional oncology is becoming the 4th pillar within the multidisciplinary care of cancer, in conjunction with medical oncology, surgical oncology, and radiation oncology. Interventional radiologists who perform interventional oncologic procedures participate during a multidisciplinary team approach to cancer which incorporates prevention, early detection, state of the art treatment options, patient support, clinical research, and long-term patient follow-up.
Cancer therapies are performed at Miami Cardiac & Vascular Institute in conjunction with the Miami Cancer Institute. We are the only providers of interventional oncologic interventions at the Miami Cancer Institute.
Minimally invasive cutting-edge treatments offered by interventional radiologists are often faster, safer, and fewer painful alternatives to more invasive surgical options. the bulk of those treatments are performed on an outpatient basis. Sophisticated imaging technology is crucial to performing the intricate and sometimes complex interventional oncology procedures. Scope of interventional oncologic interventions includes the following:
- Percutaneous Tumor Ablation: Radiofrequency ablation, microwave ablation, and cryoablation are modalitieswantto burn or freeze tumors within the lung, liver, kidney, bone, and other organs. Results from clinical studies have shown that ablation rivals’ surgery for several sorts of tumors.
- Chemoembolization: Minimally invasive procedure to treat deliver chemotherapy and occlusive agents directly into arteries feeding a tumor. Chemoembolization is usually performed for cancer of the liver and metastatic disease and is employed to kill tumors and improve survival.
- Radioembolization (also referred to as Selective Internal Radiation or SIRT) Minimally invasive therapy utilized to intra- arterially deliver radioactive yttrium-90 particles to treat primary and metastatic cancer of theliver.This therapy is usually effective even when after chemotherapy has failed and has minimal side effects.
- Interventional Pain Management: Procedures utilized to scale back or relieve pain and improve a cancer patient’s quality of life include epidural injections, celiac plexus neurolysis, nerve blocks, ablation, and vertebroplasty.
Additional interventions include image-guided biopsy, port placement for systemic chemotherapy administration, procedures to regulate malignant ascites and pleural effusions, biliary drainage and stenting for patients with malignant biliary obstruction and jaundice, and placement of gastrostomy and gastrojejunostomy feeding tubes.
Interventional oncologic treatments are proven to kill tumors, slow disease progression, increase survival, and in some patients, cure patients of their cancer. Many of those treatments are often performed in conjunction with systemic chemotherapy. they’ll even be utilized in patients who aren’t responding to chemotherapy or who are unable to urge chemotherapy thanks to significant side effects. These minimally invasive therapies also can be utilized to shrink tumors to permit for curative surgery which otherwise wouldn’t be possible.
The advent of multiple innovative technologies also as new clinical research and data is transforming oncologic diagnosis and treatment paradigms, allowing less invasive oncologic treatment options with decreased duration of hospitalization while maximizing patient safety and efficacy. Our ultimate goal is to supply cancer patients with the foremost advanced and compassionate care that emphasizes maintaining quality of life.